Good day good people…see me again here in the next article about stem cell, here we will talk about stem cell research benefits cancer, means the benefits of the stem cell research to treat the cancer diseases and the possibility to reduce the suffering of patients with cancer.
We have already know that the treatment for cancer are a very high doses of chemotherapy and radiation therapy in order to try to destroy all of the cancer cells, that was the typical stem cell transplant for cancer. This kind of treatment also kills the stem cells in the bone marrow, and resulted in a whole body of the patients which is uncomfortable feeling like, hairloss, feels unwell in all over their body. Right now…soon after treatment, stem cells are given to replace those that were destroyed. These stem cells are given into a vein, much like a blood transfusion. Over time they settle in the bone marrow and begin to grow and make healthy blood cells, very amazing isn’t it…? Thank you very much again to all of the hard work of the scientists to found this new treatment. This process is called engraftment.
There are 3 basic types of transplants. They are named based on who gives the stem cells.
- Autologous means the cells come from you
In this type of transplant, your stem cells are taken before you get cancer treatment that destroys them. Your stem cells are removed, or harvested, from either your bone marrow or your blood and then frozen
- Allogeneic means the cells come from a matched related or unrelated donor,
blood taken from the placenta and umbilical cord of a newborns is a newe source of stem cells, Called cord blood. Allogeneic transplant is most often used to treat certain types of leukemia, lymphomas, multiple myeloma, myelodysplastic syndrome, and other bone marrow disorders such as aplastic anemia.
- Syngeneic means the cells come from your identical twin or triplet
This is a special kind of allogeneic transplant that can only be used when the recipient has an identical sibling (twin or triplet) who can donate — someone who will have the same tissue type. An advantage of syngeneic stem cell transplant is that graft-versus-host disease will not be a problem. There are no cancer cells in the transplant, either, as there would be in an autologous transplant. The disadvantage is that because the new immune system is so much like the recipient’s immune system, there is no graft-versus-cancer effect, either. Every effort must be made to destroy all the cancer cells before the transplant is done to help keep the cancer from relapsing (coming back).