History of Stem Cell Research Controversy

Posted on

There’s a lot of Controversy of the stem cell research which is come from a lot of part of the group people in this world, which is come from the scientist,  potliticians, religious groups, and the general public.

Before we discuss about the Hystory of Stem Cell Reseach Controversy, we must refresh the article before that has already talk about stem cells, there are two types of stem cells, which scientists can work : adult stem cells and embryonic stem cells. The most of controversy from the stem cell research are involves of the embryonic stem cells because they are derived from fertilized embryos, which are subsequently destroyed in the research process.

The embryos that usually used for research are not derived grom eggs fertilized in a woman’s body, rather they are fertilized in vitro in a fertilization clinic and donated for research purposes with inform consent of the donor (Newman, 2009). If these embryos are not used to contribute to the medical community, these embryos will be kept deep frozen in a  clinic or discarded altogether. It’s for this reason that many supporters of stem cell research argue and said that the process can not be accurately compared to destroying human life if the embryo’s ultimate fate was going to be disposal from the onset of the procedure. It is also not clear as to whether  or not the biological fetus is a person and has it’s own rights (Garret, Baille & Garret, 2001)

History of Stem Cell Research Controversy


Besides that, on the other hand, and adult ( or somatic ) stem cells, is an undifferentiated cell found among differentiated cells in an organ or tissue tht has the ability to renew itself, as well as differentiate into a specialized cell type. By their nature, adult stem cells are nos as controversial because they can be derived from an individual who may require the therapy by extracting them from the bone marrow or skin cells (National Institutes of Health, 2009)

Stem cells, however, do not come only from embryos, bone marrow, and skin. A popular service called cord blood banking is now offered to the families of newborn infants who want to preserve a child’s stem cells after birth so that they may be accessed later should stem cell therapy ever become necessary. The cells derived from the baby’s umbilical cord can also be used to treat blood relatives. If a family decides not to store these cells by having them frozen after birth, then the genetically unique cord blood stem cells are discarded (Cord Blood Registry, 2009).

Perhaps on its basis in science and progress as well as ethics and morality, stem cell research has proven to be a highly charged political topic. On August 9, 2001, former president George W. Bush signed an executive order declaring that federal funding for stem cell research could only be used for existing stem cell lines created before that day. Of the 60 embryonic stem cell lines authorized for research at the time, only 21 proved to be useful for researchers (CNN, 2009).

It will be very long article if we discuss it all here, I will discuss it more on the other article, right now I think this is enough for our knowledge even just an opening mind about the history of stem cell research therapy, wish all the best for all of our life for the better future and the better world to lived with.