Growing organs from stem cells recently was done by so many scientists in all over the world, if we look at the history in the past, It was 1996 when biologists first fused a mammalian skin cell with an egg cell, cloning Dolly the sheep. That was the start of the race to make a human embryo on the same way. The method, called somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT), replaces the DNA in an egg cell’s nucleus with the genetic material from the nucleus of a skin cell, then tricks the egg cell to start dividing as if it had been fertilized with sperm.
At present, in 2014, At London’s Royal Free hospital, scientists are rising noses, ears and blood vessels within the laboratory in a bold try to make physique elements using stem cells. It is among several labs all over the world, including in the U.S., that are working on the futuristic concept of rising custom-made organs in the lab. Only a handful of patients have obtained the British lab-made organs to this point – including tear ducts, blood vessels and windpipes. However researchers hope they will quickly be able to transplant more varieties of body parts into patients, together with what could be the world’s first nostril made partly from stem cells.
At the moment, children who want new ears must undergo an extremely invasive procedure involving taking cartilage from their ribs,” Griffin mentioned, including that taking fats cells from sufferers’ abdomens so as to add to a lab-made ear scaffold can be far simpler than the multiple procedures usually essential to carve an ear from their ribs. Griffin added they plan to finally create a completely synthetic face however must first prove their polymer scaffolds will not by accident burst out of the skin.