As we has already discuss before that embryonic stem cells controversy ethics has a lot of controversy from the ethics, moral, and there’s so many ethical arguments according to the embryonic stem cell research. The stem cell controversy is the consideration of the ethics of research involving the development, usage, and destruction of human embryos.
But for all of us to know that most commonly, this controversy focuses on embryonic stem cells, not all of the stem cell research involves the creation, usage and destruction of human embryo. Like adult stem cell for the example, it almost has no controversy around that research, because it doesn’t disturb the human embryo or the humanity of life. But once again, the best source of stem cells that has the biggest potential to reduce and cured someone’s illnesses is embryonic stem cell, which is has a lot of controversy.
Right now the research is become growing that embryonic stem cells is not disturbing the human embryo anymore because it was taken from the placenta of the newborn baby, which has already research by the scientists in all over the world.
Eventough the usage of embryonic stem cells in research has been hotly debated, but embryonic stem cells offer hope for new therapies, different countries have chosen to regulate embryonic stem cell research in very different ways.
The ethical dilemma
Embryonic stem cell research poses a moral dilemma. It forces us to choose between two moral principles:
- The duty to prevent or alleviate suffering
- The duty to respect the value of human life
In the case of embryonic stem cell research, it is impossible to respect both moral principles.To obtain embryonic stem cells, the early embryo has to be destroyed. This means destroying a potential human life. But embryonic stem cell research could lead to the discovery of new medical treatments that would alleviate the suffering of many people. So which moral principle should have the upper hand in this situation? The answer hinges on how we view the embryo. Does it have the status of a person?
Some people believe an embryo must be fully protected from conception, an embryonic stem cells can be grown from cells found in the blastocyst. The rules controlling embryonic stem cell research vary around the world and have been the topic of much discussion.
After so many debate and controversy of the usage of embryonic stem cells for research or for reduce the suffering of other people’s illnesses, the scientists keep moving forward using another source of stem cell besides the embryonic stem cells, like Induces Pluripotent Stem Cells (IPS) which is from the adult stem cells. With alternatives to hES cells now available, the debate over stem cell research is becoming increasingly irrelevant. But ethical questions regarding hES cells may not entirely go away.
For now, some human embryos will still be needed for research. iPS cells are not exactly the same as hES cells, and hES cells still provide important controls: they are a gold standard against which the “stemness” of other cells is measured.
Some experts believe it’s wise to continue the study of all stem cell types, since we’re not sure yet which one will be the most useful for cell replacement therapies.
An additional ethical consideration is that iPS cells have the potential to develop into a human embryo, in effect producing a clone of the donor. Many nations are already prepared for this, having legislation in the place that bans human cloning.