Cloning and Stem Cells Impact Factor is hard enough to understand we do not know first the meaning of each word in the title, we will devided each meaning untill we understand the basic meaning of each word.
The terminology of cloning is used by scientists to describe many different processes that involve making duplicates of biological material. In most cases, isolated genes or cells are duplicated for scientific study, and no new animal results. There’s a lot of people first heard of cloning when Dolly the sheep showed on the scene in 1997, Artificial cloning technologies have been around for much longer tan Dolly, tough.
Cloning are the process for an organisms that are exact genetic copies. Every single bit of their DNA is identical, clones can happen naturally-identical twins are just one of many examples. Besides that they can be made in the lab. You may have heard about researchers cloning, or identifying, genes that are responsible for various medical conditions or traits, what is the difference ? when researcher or scientists clone an organism, they are making an exact genetic copy of the whole organism, when scientists clone a gene, they isolate and make exact copies of just one of an organism’s genes. Cloning a gene usually involves copying the DNA sequence of that gene into a smaller, more easily manipulated piece of DNA such as a plasmid. This process makes it easier to study the function of the individual gene in the laboratory.
Therapeutic cloning which is also known as somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) is permitted in Australia under a licence issued by the NHMRC Embryo Research Licensing Committee. While Reproductive cloning is banned in Australia under the Prohibition of Human Cloning for Reproduction Act 2002
SCNT was the technique used to create the first cloned mammal, ‘Dolly’ the sheep. SCNT involves isolating a somatic cell from an adult body, often a skin cell, and transferring the nucleus from that cell to an egg from which the nucleus has been removed. This new cell is then stimulated to begin embryonic growth.
The first human embryonic stem cell lines derived from SCNT research were announced in May 2013 by Mitalipov and coworkers from Oregon Health and Science University.